Forecasting Financial Statements for Your Small Business

financial statement

Financial forecasting is a task carried out by small organizations that use past data analysis to forecast their future financial performance. Small firms can better manage their cash flow and plan for future growth by creating financial statement predictions.

Look at pertinent historical data and use the facts to anticipate how the organization will fare financially in the future.

The sections below can help small businesses determine how to forecast income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow, which are the three basic financial statements.

Forecasting an Income Statement 

Small businesses can forecast their revenues or losses for a certain period by creating a pro forma income statement. The steps for predicting your income statement are as follows:

  • Assess Past Data

You must first comprehend your company’s historical performance before using that information to effectively forecast future financial outcomes to forecast your company’s earnings or losses. Make sure the data you are utilizing are comparable.

  • Predict Your Revenue

By entering your annual growth rate, you may construct a revenue prediction quickly and easily. Make an educated guess about your future revenue by considering the percentage rise in revenue over preceding quarters.

  • Calculate the Cost of Sales

The cost of products sold might not seem to directly relate to your firm as you operate a service-based organization. However, firms that provide services should consider their expenditures for labor, employment taxes, and benefits as part of their cost of goods sold.

  • Predict Your Operating Costs

Determine your anticipated operating costs in your forecast by examining your prior operating expenses and comparing them to your anticipated revenue. Office rent, business insurance, office supplies, employee salaries and benefits, and other costs are included in operating expenses.

Creating a Balance Sheet Forecast

Estimating your balance sheet includes determining the assets and liabilities of your business for a future date. A balance sheet presents a day-by-day analysis of your company’s finances.

  • Enter Your Short-Term and Long-Term Assets

Start by entering your short-term assets, including your accounts receivable and current cash. Next, enter your long-term assets, including structures, real estate, and cars.

  • Consider Your Long-Term and Current Debts

Calculate your current liabilities, and all debts your company in cash must be paid off within twelve months. Long-term liabilities, or all of your debts due in more than a year, will also be included in your calculations.

  • Determine Your Final Percentages

Just take your liabilities and assets out to get your final forecasts. This final projection of your balance sheet will help you determine whether you need to make cuts or seek loans by providing you with crucial insights into how safe your company’s financial position will be in the future.

Forecasting Cash Flow

To forecast your company’s cash flow, you must predict how much money will come into and leave over a specific time frame. You may plan appropriately to counteract lean periods by identifying potential cash shortfalls in your company’s future using a pro forma cash flow statement.

  • Calculate Your Projected Monthly Sales

Calculate the sales you may expect by month using past sales data that spans at least two years. Make sure to examine seasonal statistics to determine whether your sales follow any patterns.

  • Calculate When You’ll Get Paid

Utilize previous data to project the timing of future payments. You can anticipate when you’ll get paid if you bill clients on a 30-day billing cycle based on their due dates.

  • Calculate Your Expenses

Both fixed and variable costs are common in small enterprises. Consider your fixed expenses, such as your rent and utility bills. Your variable costs change according to the volume of work you’re churning out.


Forecasting your financial statements can be a helpful way to plan for the future and make informed decisions about your business’s growth. You can use different methods to forecast your financial statements, and the best method for your business will depend on your specific circumstances. 

With careful planning and execution, forecasting your financial statements can help you make sound decisions about your small business’s future.

Ash CPA is the best CPA firm to take care of your financial statements. We provide high-quality CPA accounting and tax services in Framingham at an affordable cost. Contact us now to meet our highly qualified CPAs!